What we do




SANCCOB is involved in numerous marine conservation projects, many of them in collaboration with our partners in conservation, locally and internationally. All our projects strive to contribute towards healthy, wild seabird populations through rehabilitation and research, and by raising awareness of marine life and the environment it depends on.

RESCUE AND REHABILITATION

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ick and injured seabirds are either collected by SANCCOB staff following notifications from the public … or brought directly to one of our Centres by a member of the public. We also work with SANParks, CapeNature and Robben Island Museum Colony Managers who monitor established seabird nesting sites and identify abandoned chicks and eggs. In emergency situations, such as a major oil spill, our 24 hour rescue service is augmented by teams of trained volunteers.

Once admitted to one of our centres, staff stabilise, diagnose and treat the bird. Diagnostic tools include clinical examination, clinical chemistry, haematology, radiography, endoscopy and various other tests. Our Cape Town centre has an operating theatre with an X-ray facility, suction unit and anaesthetic machine, whilst the Eastern Cape centre makes use of an external veterinary practice. We are able to treat a wide variety of cases, including lung and air sac infections, fractured limbs, lacerations, bite wounds, eye problems and systemic diseases.

Both centres are well equipped with an admissions room, intensive care unit (ICU), pen areas (capacity 1500 birds in Cape town and 350 in Cape St Francis), resident pen area, exercise pools, food preparation and aviary pens (capacity 80 flying birds in Cape Town and 20 in Cape St Francis) nebuliser pen, post-mortem room, surgery and washing area for oiled birds.

Rehabilitation comprises a specific feeding, swimming, medication and treatment schedule for each seabird patient. Depending on the nature of injury, or illness, birds usually spend between 4-16 weeks undergoing rehabilitation before being released back into the wild. During their rehabilitation, veterinary staff test and grade the birds weekly on their health, blood results, weight and the waterproofing on their feathers. Before release, each penguin receives an implanted transponder for research and monitoring purposes.

In the case of a mortality or death on arrival, a post-mortem is performed to assess cause of death, to further disease-related studies and to gain understanding of causes of mortality in the wild.

The Rehabilitation Programme currently has 16 full-time employees (of which three are qualified veterinarians) and no less than 20 local and international volunteers and interns at any given time.

CURRENT PROJECTS

This multi-partner project contributes towards saving the endangered African penguin, through bolstering abandoned and weak chicks and rearing chicks from eggs.

Part of the project is the establishment of a first-ever Chick Rearing Unit (CRU) at SANCCOB in Cape Town, to build local expertise in hand-rearing abandoned African penguin chicks from eggs. Officially opened in November 2011, the CRU is a culmination of extensive research and affirms our commitment to stop the decline of this highly endangered species.

Since the project’s inception in 2006, SANCCOB has successfully released more than 4000 chicks back into the wild. Independent research confirms that the survival rates for these hand-reared penguins are similar to that of naturally-reared birds, making it an effective conservation intervention.

Project partners: SANCCOB (project administrators), Bristol Zoological Society, the Animal Demography Unit (University of Cape Town), South African Department of Environmental Affairs (Oceans and Coasts), CapeNature,  Robben Island Museum, South African National Parks.

As an ongoing initiative, the Chick Bolstering Project has several fundable components, including costs associated with rescuing and rearing chicks during periods of mass abandonment, the funding of tracking devices, and research into the viability of establishing an artificial colony for African penguins along the South African coast line.

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The five primary African penguin breeding colonies in the Western Cape are Dassen Island, Robben Island, Boulders Beach, Stony Point and Dyer Island. Of these, the African penguin colony at Stony Point in Betty’s Bay is the only colony that is showing measurable signs of increase, and currently supports more pairs of African penguins than the three coastal islands in the Western Cape combined, which were traditional ‘strongholds’ of African penguins and other breeding seabirds. The colony at Stony Point is thus of national, as well as international conservation significance for the species.

The Stony Point Penguin Ranger Project benefits endangered African penguins by taking direct, rehabilitation-focused, conservation action to bolster the wild population. The intervention forms part of the Biodiversity Management Plan for African penguins (BMP) which sets out the South African conservation strategy for the species. The BMP is gazetted at government level to ensure that the species is holistically managed and steps put in place to mitigate threats to the survival of the species.

The objectives of the project are to:

  1. Rescue ill, injured, oiled and abandoned African penguins and penguin eggs and ensure that they are admitted to SANCCOB efficiently.
  2. Rehabilitate rescued penguins and eggs for release back into the colony
  3. Provide healthy and safe breeding grounds for penguins
  4. Rehabilitate the natural habitat
  5. Train and develop staff and Penguin Rangers

Penguin Rangers play a pivotal role in the rehabilitation chain of African penguins. They receive a two-week seabird handling and feeding course (in addition to the regular ranger training offered by CapeNature) and are sponsored through SANCCOB’s fundraising efforts. They carry out key activities and duties such as:

  • Rescuing injured, oiled or abandoned penguins and eggs
  • Maintaining penguin-proof barriers, infrastructure, equipment and the natural vegetation at the colonies
  • Managing local and international tourists to the area
  • Monitoring, data collection, penguin protection, penguin sweeps and penguin relocation
  • Assist with penguin rehabilitation by applying basic animal husbandry and first aid (as trained by SANCCOB and CapeNature)
  • Record all penguins released by SANCCOB at Stony Point

Project partners: SANCCOB and CapeNature

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The Bank Cormorant Project is a new initiative aimed at ensuring the future of this endangered species (Southern African population 2600 breeding pairs) through a multi-pronged approach.

This includes improving rehabilitation rates, building breeding platforms and undertaking disease surveillance, while developing techniques to release captive-bred Bank cormorants into the wild, utilising lessons learned from the organisation’s well-established Chick Rearing Unit.

Project partners: SANCCOB, Living Coasts and the Whitely Wildlife Foundation.

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Whilst the established African penguin colony at Boulder’s Beach in Simon’s Town falls under the protection of SANParks, right next door a group of penguins are breeding on unprotected public land.  The Burgher’s Walk Restoration Project is a co-ordinated plan to protect these birds from curious members of the public, dogs and other domestic animals, and from being run over by cars travelling along the road above the site.

The objectives of the project are to:

  1. Rescue ill, injured, oiled and abandoned African penguins and penguin eggs and ensure that they are admitted to SANCCOB efficiently.
  2. Rehabilitate rescued penguins and eggs for release back into the colony
  3. Provide healthy and safe breeding grounds for penguins
  4. Rehabilitate the natural habitat (Strandveld and Coastal thicket – where heavy winter rains, storm water damage and trampling caused severe degradation
  5. Train and develop staff and Penguin Rangers

Penguin Rangers are a key component of the project and play a pivotal role in the rehabilitation chain of African penguins. The project currently employs four Penguin Rangers, many of whom are from previously disadvantaged backgrounds. They receive a two-week seabird handling and feeding course at SANCCOB (in addition to the regular ranger training offered by SANParks) and are sponsored through SANCCOB’s fundraising efforts.

Funding goes towards the management of the terrain, the rehabilitation of penguins at SANCCOB, the salaries of 4 penguin monitors, and the upkeep of the fencing and path.

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In an ever-changing curriculum environment and with many South African schools being poorly equipped to present environmental education lessons, there are many learners leaving the school system without being introduced or exposed to environmental themes.

The annual library environmental education programme, targeted at 15 select libraries in previously disadvantaged communities in the Western Cape, aims to educate learners in their formative years about seabirds and the marine environment through educational lessons, arts-and-crafts and storytelling.

The objective is to reach out to more than 600 learners (of which at least 75% are black) and to introduce learners to important concepts such as:

  • The marine environment
  • Various seabird species
  • What it means to reduce, reuse and recycle
  • The impact of littering

Fifteen libraries located in poorly resourced communities are visited during the annual school holidays, and promotional material is sent out in advance to ensure that people are aware of the upcoming programme. An average of 40 to 50 learners and members of the public  visit each library.

Over the last three years SANCCOB has been working with Special Education Needs Schools (LSEN schools).

Our aim is to fill the environmental educational gap in previously disadvantaged LSEN schools by providing an outdoor educational fieldtrip for five LSEN schools in disadvantaged areas in the Western Cape and to reach out to approximately 500 LSEN students and 40 educators working with LSEN. The day trip includes:

  • a visit to SANCCOB’s seabird centre in Cape Town
  • meeting an ambassador penguin
  • a guided bird-watching excursion to the Rietvlei Nature Reserve (situated next to SANCCOB).

The lessons place emphasis on scientific exploration of the environment and show learners what maths and science can do to improve the state of the environment. The long-term goal is to:

  1. inspire teachers to develop their own environmental education lesson plans;
  2. inspire learners to pursue a career in science or in the environmental or conservation sector;
  3. make seabirds more accessible to previously disadvantaged learners.

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The health and pathology research conducted at SANCCOB is ongoing and currently involves data collection, analysis, write-up and publication of data and work that has been done in the last 15 years at SANCCOB. This work functions as passive disease surveillance as well as providing information for evaluating disease risk to the seabird populations.

Dr Nola Parsons, a qualified veterinarian with a PhD qualification in Zoology, is currently employed as the Researcher at SANCCOB. From 2010-2013, Dr Parsons conducted the Seabird Health Survey Project at SANCCOB. Her research interest lies with health and pathology of southern African seabirds, especially relating to the conservation of these species and is well published in this field.

Goals for the project in 2016 are to:

  • Continue with passive disease surveillance data collection through examination of freshly dead carcases and communication with the colony management authorities
  • Develop practical guidelines for disease surveillance
  • Completion of a Disease Risk Assessment document and circulation of the document for external input
  • Submission of several manuscripts (including: a statistical study into the various indicators that affect the outcome of rehabilitation of the African penguin, blood parasite prevalence in seabirds admitted for rehabilitation and a study of causes of death at an African penguin colony).

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Play your part:

Whether you give money, time or talent, your contribution is needed today to help save endangered seabirds like the African penguin, Bank cormorant and Cape Cormorant.